Long History, Brilliant Culture
Ryongwang Pavilion
2021-09-20
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Ryongwang Pavilion

 
The Ryongwang Pavilion was built in the mid-6th century of the Koguryo time.
In Korea, there are the eight scenic spots of the western area called Kwansophalgyong from of old.
The western area includes present Pyongyang, North and South Phyongan provinces and Jagang Province.
The eight scenic spots include the Ryongwang Pavilion of Pyongyang, the Kangson Pavilion of Songchon, Paeksang  Pavilion of Anju, Yaksandongdae of Nyongbyon, Tongrim Waterfall in Sonchon, Thonggun Pavilion in Uiju, Inphung Pavilion of Kanggye and Segom Pavilion in Manpho.
The Ryongwang Pavilion is an edifice of a specific feature with garrets well-coordinated.
It is very beautiful with a high stonework, wing-like gable roof, unique and excellent architecture, colored patterns and, in particular, selection of its location well-becoming with the surrounding sceneries.
A calligraphic board Chonhajeilgangsan meaning the most beautiful place in the world is hung on the pavilion. It is said that a Chinese envoy wrote it, so much fascinated by the wonderful scenery on the pavilion long ago.
On the pillar of the southern wing is hung a calligraphic board with a verse “Rapid water rushes along the foot of a long wall, Rugged mountains lie far eastward of the vast field,” composed by a poet Kim Hwang Won of the Koryo dynasty who was enraptured with the beautiful scenery on the Pubyok Pavilion.
He is said to have broken his brush lamenting the lack of his ability in describing the scenery for it was too beautiful to continue the lines further.
It is decorated with moru patterns as a whole (moru patterns are one of three kinds of decorations, which belong to a middle class, not so monotonous or complicated). The main beam was decorated with sumptuous wave-like patterns. It shows an excellent architecture of the Korean nation. It is also associated with a patriotic struggle of the Korean people against foreign invaders.
The Ryongwang Pavilion had been heavily bombed by the enemy during the Korean war (1950-1953), but restored as original soon after the war. It is well preserved as a national treasure and a fine cultural resting place of our people. 

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